Wednesday, 24 April 2019

Decoration Material Overview

Decoration Material Overview (Everything) :

3D Decoration Material
  1. Wooden pieces 木製裝飾
  2. Styrofoam 發泡膠
  3. Metal Frame & Cloth 鐵枝包布或薄膠
  4. Fiberglass 玻璃纖維
  5. Cloth 布料
  6. Die Cut on Boards 厚身物料界字
  7. ...more
Stickers Material Types
  1. Transparency Stickers 透明貼紙
  2. Matt Surface 磨沙透明
  3. Solid Single Surface 單面實色
  4. Solid Double Surface 雙面實色
  5. Die Cut Stickers 電腦界字
  6. Thin Layer of Die Cut 薄身電腦界字
  7. Combination of all (組合不同類型)
Board/Others Material Types
  1. Film/Canvas 燈片/燈箱畫布
  2. Foamboard 發泡膠板
  3. Thick Paper / Photo Paper 厚身咭紙/相紙
  4. Vinyl Banner (Glossy/Matt) 帆布噴畫/橫額 (光面/啞面)
  5. Forexboard 安迪板
  6. MDF Board 高密度中纖板
  7. ...more

 

 




Decoration Material Overview: (3D Decoration Material)

(1) Wooden pieces 木製裝飾:
(2) Styrofoam 發泡膠:
Wood is a hard, fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants. It has been used for thousands of years for both fuel and as a construction material. It is an organic material, a natural composite of cellulose fibers (which are strong in tension) embedded in a matrix of lignin which resists compression.

Styrofoam is a trademarked brand of closed-cell extruded polystyrene foam currently made for thermal insulation and craft applications. Styrofoam refers to expanded (not extruded) polystyrene foam, such as disposable coffee cups, coolers, or cushioning material in packaging, which are typically white and are made of expanded polystyrene beads.


• 木類型的裝飾,多用於結構性的裝飾品。例如地台、木欄、展覽圍牆等等。
• 若形狀複雜,做貨費用較昂貴。
• 比較堅固, 可用作座位等物料之用。

• 是一件比較容易控制的雕塑物料. 可做出不同形狀的裝飾。
• 也是大部份物料造型的開始.
• 做立體裝飾品常用的物料。
(3) Metal Frame & Cloth 鐵枝包布:
(4) Fiberglass 玻璃纖維:
Metal is a solid material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard, opaque, shiny, and features good electrical and thermal conductivity. Metal can be easily shape with welding tools, wrapped with different kinds of cloth then install lights inside. This is a traditional way of decoration from China - Chinese Lantern. Fiberglass is a lightweight, extremely strong, and robust material. Although strength properties are somewhat lower than carbon fiber and it is less stiff, the material is typically far less brittle, and the raw materials are much less expensive. Its bulk strength and weight properties are also very favorable when compared to metals, and it can be easily formed using molding processes.

• 燈飾類最常用的物料。
• 以鐵支做出不同形狀,以透光形式作燈光效果。
• 因天氣及環境問題,用於戶外時要安裝得更仔細,例如電線要包好、燈頭向下等等。

• 堅固、耐用。 必先做出一個模型,然後可以做出相同及一樣的裝飾品。
• 費用是為最昂貴的物料之一。
• 做立體裝飾品最常用的物料。
(5) Cloth 布料:
(6) Die Cut on Boards 厚身物料界字:
Cloth is the cheapest decoration material comparing with all others, but it takes a lot of time and skills to make it looks pretty and neat which is not an easy task to do. Die Cut on boards is usually used in renovation items or company store's logo board. It is made with machine cut but takes a lot of effort and time to make sure it looks ok at the end - for example putting lights on the back, etc.

• 布類型的裝飾,適用於把”出醜”的地方修補及遮掩,令裝飾品看下去比較完美。例如地台修邊位、木欄凹凸不平位置等等。
• 需要一個專業的美工才可令布料做得更美好。
• 比較便宜,但需要找到合適的物料。

• 任何類型的裝飾,適用於把圖案或字體界出,令裝飾品看下去有凹凸的立體感。配合燈或其他物料會令裝飾物更美。
• 價錢跟據物料而定,厚身的物料比較難以機器去界,但需要找到合適的物料才可令裝飾物有美感。
(7) Lights 燈:
(8) Metal Frame 鐵枝:
Lighting is a necessary elements for most decoration items, decoration sets look more complete with lights. It is then also involves a lot of effort on the backend because our team has to ensure the decor item also looks pretty on the daylight. Metal is an important frame for a lot of large decor items. This is not only about those small metal frame for lantern but large ones as the framwork of the whole decor. Without them, it is nearly impossible to stable decoration item's position.

• 任何裝飾附加了燈光的效果會是變了另一回事,裝飾品的工藝有燈光的配合才可算是完美的。
• 價錢比較貴,因為需要配合電工, 工程部及裝飾場地的配置。
• 需要令裝飾品於有自然光時也有美感。

• 鐵枝多用於是裝飾品的支配或支架。
• 價錢跟據物料而定,厚身的物料比較難以機器去做型,但需要找到合適的物料才可令裝飾物有美感。
• 需以焊接才可定型。
(9) Clay, Gesso, Ceremic 泥膠/紙黏土/石膏/低溫泥:
There are many types of Clay to select from, this kind of material has always been the beginning of all the molds. It takes a lot of time to craft and mold it to the exact items we want to place at the decoration areas (Statue). Clay is a general term including many combinations of one or more clay minerals with traces of metal oxides and organic matter. Geologic clay deposits are mostly composed of phyllosilicate minerals containing variable amounts of water trapped in the mineral structure.
• 泥膠類型分很多種類。
• 要分析清楚物料的耐用程度、硬較度、適用性等等。
• 工藝手工技巧很重要。
• 大部份的雕像塑像也會先以泥土做模 。
• 製造完後必需打磨才可完美 。
1. 油土:不會乾,油膩,硬, 不是很好塑形, 一般用於當底座, 插花用
2. 兒童用土:市面常見的彩色黏土,濕軟,有異味,容易發霉, 不易保存
3. 樹脂土:(分一般色及特殊色,特殊色如金, 銀價位較高)韌性強,可塑性很好,材質細緻,容易保存, 上一層亮光漆, 作品可長期保存,適合製作實用的傢飾品、花藝、人形,有多種 色 彩可以調配,延展性好。乾了之後質地較硬,很適合兒童使用
4. 紙黏土:厚實感、粗獷、可溶水性
a. 優點:適合製作較大作品 / 缺點:容易龜裂,不易保存
b. 紙黏土由紙漿,石粉,樹脂等素材組成,適合人型,動物,浮雕,壁飾,
c. 易於雕塑造型,乾了之後還必須上色, 現在市面上也有一些有顏色的紙黏土
5. 素材(透明土):特性是乾燥後呈現半透明, 和樹脂土類似。
6. 超輕土:觸感宛如棉花,重量很輕,延展性超好,但是價位較高
7. 麵包土:做麵包花的專用土,價位高,延展性超好,略成透光感。
8. 鑽石土:高價位,比較少見的特殊土之一。質感有顆粒狀, 純白, 做下雪很像, 黏性很強
9. 螢光土:可直接使用,亦可混合其他黏土,是彩度較高之質感。
10. 珍珠土:高成份珍珠粉為材質,展現銀亮華麗色彩,具有珍珠光澤,土質略乾,多用來調色或搭配其他黏土使用


Photos as reference:

 


Decoration Material Overview: (Stickers Material Types)

Sticker Type (1) Transparency 透明貼紙
Sticker Type (2) Matt Surface 磨沙透明


Transparency Stickers (透明貼紙): Visible on both sides, light in saturation, can see through window, best view with light source on the back, can diecut out or pasting on whole surface; best use on glass, acrylic or wall.


Matt Surface Stickers (磨沙透明貼紙): Visible on both sides, light in saturation, can hardly see through window, best view with light source on the back, can diecut out or pasting on whole surface; best use on glass, acrylic or wall.

* 透明貼紙 (光面)
* 常用於室內玻璃。
* 物料較薄、透光力較好,但同時顏色相對地較淺。

* 透明貼紙 (啞面) 常用於室外玻璃。
* 物料比光面貼紙更厚,因為打了一層啞膜在表面
* 透光力會減少,但效果相對地更特出。

Sticker Type (3) Solid Single Surface 單面實色
Sticker Type (4) Solid Double Surface 雙面實色


Single Surface Solid Stickers(單面實色貼紙): Visible on one side only, can choose white or black as background color; strong in saturation, cannot see through window, best view when pasting on wall, can diecut out or pasting on whole surface; best use on wall/glass.


Double Surface Solid Stickers(雙面實色貼紙): Visible on both sides, more expensive, a combination of single layer solid and transparency stickers, heavy in saturation, cannot see through window, best view when pasting on window, can diecut out or pasting on whole surface; best use on glass & acrylic.

* 車面貼紙實色單面: 常用於商場牆身、地面。
* 物料效厚、耐用,防曬力較強。
* 可用做雙面效果,多用於玻璃門貼紙裝飾。

* 車面貼紙 實色雙面
* 雙面效果,常用於玻璃門佈置。
* 物料效厚、耐用,防曬力較強。 成本較高。

Sticker Type (5) Die Cut Stickers 電腦界字
Sticker Type (6) Thin Layer of Die Cut 薄身電腦界字

Die Cut Stickers 電腦界字: Visible on both sides, more expensive, production process is more complicated, usually in single color, can see through window, best view when pasting on glass window, need special pasting workers ; best use on glass & acrylic.

Thin Layer of Die Cut Stickers 薄身電腦界字: Visible on both sides, more expensive, production process is even more complicated, usually in single color, can see through window, best view when pasting on glass window, need special pasting workers ; best use on glass & acrylic.

* 電腦界字:
* 常用圖案比較複雜的設計。
* 只適用於單色設計。
* 貼紙例子: 雪花、剪紙、字句等

* 薄身電腦界字:
* 質料比較薄。
* 只適用於單色設計。
* 貼紙例子: 雪花、剪紙、字句等

* Combination of all (組合不同類型):
Combine all types of stickers together can surely create a sticker walls with layers which looks not as flat as only using one kind. Suggested setup would be: transparency stickers can acts as the base - background layer, on top we can place some solid stickers (single or double surfaces) as secondary layer's pattern and then die-cut can acts as the main elegant graphics on top of everything.

 Photos as reference:

 


 

Decoration Material Overview: (Board/Others Material Types)

(1) Film/Canvas 燈片/燈箱畫布
(2) Foamboard 發泡膠板


* 常用於的位置為燈箱、廣告框架。
* 安裝時需以索帶的輔助。


* 常用於商場天花、背景板、展板等等。
* 厚度通常為3mm, 5mm。
* 可做雙面效果及剪形(die cut),適用於大量印刷去佈置商場走廊及舞台的背景板。

(3) Thick Paper / Photo Paper 厚身咭紙/相紙
(4) Vinyl Banner (Glossy/Matt) 帆布噴畫/橫額 (光面/啞面)


* 咭類印刷裝飾。
* 可用作裝飾品上的小道具或天花掛件。
* 可用做雙面效果,多用於商場天花裝飾。


* 覆蓋範圍較大 ; 必要時可釘裝「雞眼」及做「袋位」去安裝在裝飾位置上。
* 通常啞片比較貴但耐用。
* 不用的貼上方法也會影響到吊掛效果。

(5) Forexboard 安迪板
(6) MDF Board 高密度中纖板

* 安迪板可與木材相媲美,且可鋸、可刨、可釘、可粘,還具有不變形不開裂不需刷漆(有多種顏色)等特殊功能;而低發泡板材可以焊接、油墨印刷且也可用鋸、鑽、銑削等方法進行機加工。
* 常用圖案比較複雜的設計。
* 用法基本與foamboard一樣,但可應用在戶外,而且材料可選擇的厚度較多,用途也比較廣泛。
* 厚度: 1mm—5mm、10mm較常用


* (MDF-Medium Density Fiberboard,簡稱中纖板)製造業屬於人造板製造業的子行業。
* 3mm和5mm較常用

 Photos as reference: