Thursday, 23 May 2019

Decoration Material Overview

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Decoration Material Overview: (3D Decoration Material)

(1) Wooden pieces 木製裝飾:
(2) Styrofoam 發泡膠:
Wood is a hard, fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants. It has been used for thousands of years for both fuel and as a construction material. It is an organic material, a natural composite of cellulose fibers (which are strong in tension) embedded in a matrix of lignin which resists compression.

Styrofoam is a trademarked brand of closed-cell extruded polystyrene foam currently made for thermal insulation and craft applications. Styrofoam refers to expanded (not extruded) polystyrene foam, such as disposable coffee cups, coolers, or cushioning material in packaging, which are typically white and are made of expanded polystyrene beads.

• 木類型的裝飾,多用於結構性的裝飾品。例如地台、木欄、展覽圍牆等等。
• 若形狀複雜,做貨費用較昂貴。
• 比較堅固, 可用作座位等物料之用。

• 是一件比較容易控制的雕塑物料. 可做出不同形狀的裝飾。
• 也是大部份物料造型的開始.
• 做立體裝飾品常用的物料。
(3) Metal Frame & Cloth 鐵枝包布:
(4) Fiberglass 玻璃纖維:
Metal is a solid material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard, opaque, shiny, and features good electrical and thermal conductivity. Metal can be easily shape with welding tools, wrapped with different kinds of cloth then install lights inside. This is a traditional way of decoration from China - Chinese Lantern. Fiberglass is a lightweight, extremely strong, and robust material. Although strength properties are somewhat lower than carbon fiber and it is less stiff, the material is typically far less brittle, and the raw materials are much less expensive. Its bulk strength and weight properties are also very favorable when compared to metals, and it can be easily formed using molding processes.

• 燈飾類最常用的物料。
• 以鐵支做出不同形狀,以透光形式作燈光效果。
• 因天氣及環境問題,用於戶外時要安裝得更仔細,例如電線要包好、燈頭向下等等。

• 堅固、耐用。 必先做出一個模型,然後可以做出相同及一樣的裝飾品。
• 費用是為最昂貴的物料之一。
• 做立體裝飾品最常用的物料。
(5) Cloth 布料:
(6) Die Cut on Boards 厚身物料界字:
Cloth is the cheapest decoration material comparing with all others, but it takes a lot of time and skills to make it looks pretty and neat which is not an easy task to do. Die Cut on boards is usually used in renovation items or company store's logo board. It is made with machine cut but takes a lot of effort and time to make sure it looks ok at the end - for example putting lights on the back, etc.

• 布類型的裝飾,適用於把”出醜”的地方修補及遮掩,令裝飾品看下去比較完美。例如地台修邊位、木欄凹凸不平位置等等。
• 需要一個專業的美工才可令布料做得更美好。
• 比較便宜,但需要找到合適的物料。

• 任何類型的裝飾,適用於把圖案或字體界出,令裝飾品看下去有凹凸的立體感。配合燈或其他物料會令裝飾物更美。
• 價錢跟據物料而定,厚身的物料比較難以機器去界,但需要找到合適的物料才可令裝飾物有美感。
(7) Lights 燈:
(8) Metal Frame 鐵枝:
Lighting is a necessary elements for most decoration items, decoration sets look more complete with lights. It is then also involves a lot of effort on the backend because our team has to ensure the decor item also looks pretty on the daylight. Metal is an important frame for a lot of large decor items. This is not only about those small metal frame for lantern but large ones as the framwork of the whole decor. Without them, it is nearly impossible to stable decoration item's position.

• 任何裝飾附加了燈光的效果會是變了另一回事,裝飾品的工藝有燈光的配合才可算是完美的。
• 價錢比較貴,因為需要配合電工, 工程部及裝飾場地的配置。
• 需要令裝飾品於有自然光時也有美感。

• 鐵枝多用於是裝飾品的支配或支架。
• 價錢跟據物料而定,厚身的物料比較難以機器去做型,但需要找到合適的物料才可令裝飾物有美感。
• 需以焊接才可定型。
(9) Clay, Gesso, Ceremic 泥膠/紙黏土/石膏/低溫泥:
There are many types of Clay to select from, this kind of material has always been the beginning of all the molds. It takes a lot of time to craft and mold it to the exact items we want to place at the decoration areas (Statue). Clay is a general term including many combinations of one or more clay minerals with traces of metal oxides and organic matter. Geologic clay deposits are mostly composed of phyllosilicate minerals containing variable amounts of water trapped in the mineral structure.
• 泥膠類型分很多種類。
• 要分析清楚物料的耐用程度、硬較度、適用性等等。
• 工藝手工技巧很重要。
• 大部份的雕像塑像也會先以泥土做模 。
• 製造完後必需打磨才可完美 。
1. 油土:不會乾,油膩,硬, 不是很好塑形, 一般用於當底座, 插花用
2. 兒童用土:市面常見的彩色黏土,濕軟,有異味,容易發霉, 不易保存
3. 樹脂土:(分一般色及特殊色,特殊色如金, 銀價位較高)韌性強,可塑性很好,材質細緻,容易保存, 上一層亮光漆, 作品可長期保存,適合製作實用的傢飾品、花藝、人形,有多種 色 彩可以調配,延展性好。乾了之後質地較硬,很適合兒童使用
4. 紙黏土:厚實感、粗獷、可溶水性
a. 優點:適合製作較大作品 / 缺點:容易龜裂,不易保存
b. 紙黏土由紙漿,石粉,樹脂等素材組成,適合人型,動物,浮雕,壁飾,
c. 易於雕塑造型,乾了之後還必須上色, 現在市面上也有一些有顏色的紙黏土
5. 素材(透明土):特性是乾燥後呈現半透明, 和樹脂土類似。
6. 超輕土:觸感宛如棉花,重量很輕,延展性超好,但是價位較高
7. 麵包土:做麵包花的專用土,價位高,延展性超好,略成透光感。
8. 鑽石土:高價位,比較少見的特殊土之一。質感有顆粒狀, 純白, 做下雪很像, 黏性很強
9. 螢光土:可直接使用,亦可混合其他黏土,是彩度較高之質感。
10. 珍珠土:高成份珍珠粉為材質,展現銀亮華麗色彩,具有珍珠光澤,土質略乾,多用來調色或搭配其他黏土使用

Photos as reference:


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